in the modern world of hi-tech gadgets and advanced technologies many
people are conscious of the fact that the marine life has been recently
put to great danger. Climatic change as well as such human activities
like dumping the sewage waste into the sea water caused the coral
banks to deteriorate drastically. But despite this sad fact there
is the good news from a recent research conducted in Australia. Scientists
have found out that there has been a significant increase in the coral
growth in the area during the 20th century due to the rise of the
temperatures. Research has revealed that this effect was greater at
the high latitudes and the colder ocean. These data prove that the
warming caused by human footprint in the form of carbon dioxide in
fact benefits the corals in the area.
How will climate change affect clothing we wear? You will be surprised to find out that it already has. The disastrous effects of climate change can be spotted everywhere, from extra-balmy winters to powerful hurricanes that devastate the whole regions. But the climatic change also impacts our wardrobes. Because of anthropogenic global warming, the climates of the U.S. regions become warmer. Those hotter temperatures influence the seasonality of your wardrobe; in other words, we're wearing more of the same clothes, year-round. For example, the chances are that you are wearing your favorite pair of J.Crew cropped pants both in the fall and from late winter through mid spring.
Because of the last year's mild December outerwear sales dropped. The warm winter caused coat sales in the UK to decrease by 10%. Similarly, fewer blizzards meant fewer people buying parkas, as Kohl's, MLB Shop, Boscov's and Target all reported reduced outerwear sales during one of the warmest winters on record. At Modell's Sporting Goods the bulky winter merchandise was cleared out by the store employees early to make way for t-shirts, which were in higher demand than the sweatshirts.
These changes in the inventory turnover have negative effect on the industry that relies in profits from fashion week-style seasonal collections. Stores typically offer garment at full-price for about 12 weeks and then it will go on clearance and earn the company less profit. If many customers stop buying heavy winter wear, retailers will have to stop stocking their shelves with it, and that will result in changing the whole cycle of apparel design, manufacturing and buying.
Some companies have already started adjusting themselves for a new way of dressing. For example, Target and Kohl's are collaborating with climatologists and meteorologists to fine-tune their buying cycles to consumer demand. Target, for example, already sells swimwear year-round.
In addition to climate change, people tend to spend more time indoors browsing the Internet and playing on their iPads, living mostly in climate-controlled environments that reduce their vulnerability to weather conditions.
Increased temperatures caused by global warming diminish the fashion industry's crucial buying and manufacturing cycles. But how is the multi million dollar fashion industry contributing to climate change? Of course, the apparel and textile industries aren't exactly benefiting the environment: they deplete natural materials, emit carbon dioxide and use great amount of natural resource. The huge textile factories needs oil and gas to operate and consume enormous amounts of water, contributing to vast mountains of waste. The sad truth is that overconsumption is a major factor in climate change. Today consumers purchase much more apparel than they did a century ago. And 'sustainable fashion' which means that it is made of eco-friendly fibers is not a solution to the problem. The production of these textiles itself, whether they're synthetic or natural, is causing the biggest textiles harm on the environment.
Climate change will also impact the plant fibers because of the higher likelihood of drought and crop-destroying weather. There can also be greater threats from pests and plant diseases. Another factor to take into account for petroleum-based fibers is the availability and cost of crude oil. Recycled and regenerated fibers instill some hope, but not all are completely sustainable. For instance, both lyocell and rayon are regenerated cellulose fibers, but the rayon process is much dirtier -- and the same can be said about rayon made from bamboo, which is often promoted as sustainable.
Unless something changes, the situation is likely to deteriorate with years. According to the recent Fashion Futures project at Britain's Forum for the Future, if the industry continues to abuse resources the way it does today, the earth could face considerable resource shortages and overflowing landfills because of buying and disposing of artificial textiles. But the good news is that several companies like Kohl's, Boscov's, Target and others are already stepping up to contribute to the industry's sustainability and to work toward lessening its environmental footprint. Kohl's, for example, has introduced a number of sustainability initiatives to save energy and use other resources more efficiently. Target and Boscov's work hard to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions and conserve water, electricity and other resources.
References: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency